Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem for persons with spinal cord injury. Signs and symptoms of UTI may include cloudy urine, increased Spasticity, fever, chills, and urinary frequency and Incontinence.
Sometimes the signs and symptoms are subtle, and your doctor may order a urinalysis, which usually includes dip-stick testing, a method to detect the presence of nitrites and/or leukocyte esterase. Nitrate is normally present in the urine and is changed into nitrite in the presence of certain bacteria, usually those belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Leukocycte esterase is an enzyme that indicates the presence of white blood cells in the urine. Continue Reading »